This review paper provides pre-service and in-service
teachers, principals and other educational professionals with the
information needed to understand the concept of resilience to affect
positive development in children and young people in their care. It
reviews and critiques the most influential literature on resiliency over
the last four decades and is structured in three parts. The first section
deals with the definitions of risk and resilience and relevant terms (i.e.
vulnerability, at-risk students, risk factors, protective factors) to
clarify confusion and ambiguities of concepts. The second part
outlines the development of the research on resilience using a
historical perspective. It traces its origins in medicine and psychology
into education and discusses the evolution of its body of work through
four waves. The last part discusses approaches to promoting
Reviewing the Literature on “At-Risk” and Resilient Children and Young People.
Australian Journal of Teacher Education, 36(2).