Title

Calcium and bone health: position statement for the Australian and New Zealand Bone and Mineral Society, Osteoporosis Australia and the Endocrine Society of Australia.

Document Type

Journal Article

Publisher

Australasian Medical Publishing Company Pty. Ltd.

Faculty

Computing, Health and Science

School

Exercise, Biomedical and Health Science

RAS ID

9612

Comments

Originally published as: Sanders, K. M., Nowson, C. A., Kotowicz, M. A., Briffa, K., Devine, A., & Reid, I. R. (2009). Calcium and bone health: position statement for the Australian and New Zealand Bone and Mineral Society, Osteoporosis Australia and the Endocrine Society of Australia. Med J Aust, 190(6), 316-20. Original available here

Abstract

  • This position statement was prepared by the Working Group of the Australian and New Zealand Bone and Mineral Society and Osteoporosis Australia. The final statement was endorsed by the Endocrine Society of Australia.
  • Currently, the balance of evidence remains in favour of fracture prevention from combined calcium and vitamin D supplementation in elderly men and women.
  • Adequate vitamin D status is essential for active calcium absorption in the gut and for bone development and remodelling.
  • In adults with a baseline calcium intake of 500–900 mg/day, increasing or supplementing this intake by a further 500–1000 mg/day has a beneficial effect on bone mineral density.
  • Calcium intake significantly above the recommended level is unlikely to achieve additional benefit for bone health.