Title

The image of Unanimity: The utility of the promotion and disparagement of cultural and social unanimity as a form of context manipulation in information warfare in the aftermath of the attacks of September 11, 2001

Document Type

Journal Article

Publisher

School of Computer & Information Science

Faculty

Computing, Health and Science

School

Computer and Information Science

RAS ID

1780

Comments

This article was originally published as: Walls, A. (2003). The image of Unanimity: The utility of the promotion and disparagement of cultural and social unanimity as a form of context manipulation in information warfare in the aftermath of the attacks of September 11, 2001. Journal of Information Warfare, 2(2), 119-127. Original available here

Abstract

In this paper we examine the use of context manipulation as an offensive information warfare strategy with particular reference to the specific strategies related to assertions of cultural unity or disunity in the aftermath of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks in New York City. The competing rhetoric of the Bush administration and Osama bin Laden’s organisation is studied. Success criteria are proposed for context manipulation through assertions of unity and disunity. Examples of successful and failed attempts to manipulate information context are studied to verify the proposed criteria.