Title

Diabetes

Document Type

Book Chapter

Publisher

Oxford University Press

Faculty

Computing, Health and Science

School

Nursing and Public Health

RAS ID

2624

Comments

This chapter was originally published as: Irvine, J. L., Kirov, E. , & Thomson, N. J. (2003). Diabetes. In Thomson, Neil (Eds.). The health of indigenous Australians (pp. 93-126). Location: Oxford University Press. Original book available here.

Abstract

Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes worldwide. About 85-90% of all diabetes cases are type 2, making it a significant public-health issue in the majority of developed countries (WHO 1999). There is an expanding body of evidence suggesting that type 2 diabetes is a consequence of increasing levels of obesity, decreased levels of activity, and increased food availability-a result of increased modernisation. Non-Western societies (such as hunter-gatherer societies) converting to Western lifestyles are potentially at the greatest risk of developing diabetes. Australian Indigenous people are the classic example of this.