An Exploration of 1st and 2nd Generation CPTED for End of Year School Leavers at Rottnest Island

Document Type

Conference Proceeding


secau - Security Research Centre, Edith Cowan University, Perth, Western Australia


Dr Dave Brooks and Professor Craig Valli


Faculty of Computing, Health and Science


School of Computer and Security Science / Security Research Centre (secAU)




This article was originally published as: Letch, J. J., Mcglinn, E. , Bell, J. F., Downing, E. C., & Cook, D. M. (2011). An Exploration of 1st and 2nd Generation CPTED for End of Year School Leavers at Rottnest Island. Paper presented at the Australian Security and Intelligence Conference. Perth, Western Australia. Original article available here.


The end-of-year post exam celebrations for Year 12 secondary school students presents a unique crime prevention proposition in Australia each year. Students of approximately 17 years of age congregate in a variety of locations in large groups known as ‘Leavers’. Traditionally a number of 'rite of passage' activities, fuelled by additional factors such as alcohol, drugs and peer pressure, have resulted in an increased risk of crime and anti-social behaviour. This paper examines mitigation strategies aligned with Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) when placed at an event. Using the annual Leavers cohort at Rottnest Island, W.A., a number of 1st and 2nd generation CPTED instruments are discussed and evaluated. The additional isolation factor of the island highlights the value of 2nd generation social cohesion and its likely impact in reducing a number of crime-related social issues. The paper concludes that increased 2nd generation CPTED treatments significantly improve crime reduction and fear of crime in temporary locations when used for mass gatherings at events.



Access Rights



Link to publisher version (DOI)