Responding to Emerging Challenges: Multilateral Environmental Agreements and Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza H5N1
This article was originally published as: Cromie, R., Davidson, N., Galbraith, C., Hagemeijer, W., Horwitz, P. , Lee, R., Mundkur, T., & Stroud, D. (2011). Responding to Emerging Challenges: Multilateral Environmental Agreements and Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza H5N1. Journal of International Wildlife Law & Policy, 14(3-4), 206-242. Original article available here
Although the emergence of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) of subtype H5N1 in China in 1997 had caused human fatalities and major impacts on the poultry industry, it was not until it re-emerged in 2003 and spread westward in 2005 that it gained wider public and international attention. In 2005, cases of infection in wild birds were reported spreading through Asia and reaching Europe in late 2005 and Africa in 2006.