Title

A Longitudinal Study of Masters Swimmers' Commitment

Document Type

Journal Article

Publisher

Edizioni Luigi Pozzi

Faculty

Faculty of Computing, Health and Science

School

School of Exercise and Health Sciences

RAS ID

12646

Comments

This article was originally published as: Young, B., Piamonte, M., Grove, J., & Medic, N. (2011). A longitudinal study of masters swimmers' commitment. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 42(5), 436-460

Abstract

Using the Sport Commitment Model (SCM; Scanlan et al., 2003; Wilson et al., 2004) as a conceptual framework, we surveyed 190 international-level Masters swimmers (91 in, 99 f; M age = 51.9 yrs; range = 26-80) on two occasions, one year apart. We used repeated measures ANOVAs (Analysis 1) and hierarchical regression analyses (Analysis 2) to examine which SCM determinants predicted changes in functional commitment (PC) and obligatory commitment (OC) for all swimmers, and as a function of age. Analysis 1 revealed that groups increasing in enjoyment/satisfaction, personal investments, and involvement opportunities had increased PC, while groups decreasing in enjoyment/satisfaction had decreased PC (ps <.01). Analysis 2 demonstrated that FC was predicted by enjoyment/satisfaction (B =.76, p <.05), and that age moderated the determinant relationships for personal investments (.01), involvement opportunities (-.03) and social constraints (.02), Adj R(2) =.39, p <.001. Analysis 2 also showed that social support (B = -.37, p <.05), personal investments (32) and involvement alternatives (17) predicted OC irrespective of age, Adj R(2) =.14, p <.001.