Title

An Exploration of the Relationship Between Back Muscle Endurance and Familial , Physical, Lifestyle, and Psychosocial Factors in Adolescents and Young Adults

Document Type

Journal Article

Faculty

Faculty of Computing, Health and Science

School

Exercise and Health Sciences

RAS ID

13608

Comments

This article was originally published as: Campbell, A., Briggs, A., O'Sullivan, P., Smith, A., Burnett, A. F., Moss, P., & Straker, L. (2011). An Exploration of the relationship between back muscle endurance and familial , physical, lifestyle, and psychosocial factors in adolescents and young adults. Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy, 41(7), 486-495. Original article available here

Abstract

STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional investigation. OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship between back muscle endurance (BME) and a range of familial, physical, lifestyle, and psychosocial variables in adolescents and young adults. BACKGROUND: There is evidence that low back pain interventions which focus on improved BME are effective. However, the mechanisms associated with BME performance in adolescents and young adults are largely unclear. In particular, the potential familial relationship between parents and their children remains unexplored. METHODS: This study utilized a subset of participants from the Joondalup Spinal Health Study cohort. One hundred nine children (47 boys, 62 girls) and 101 parents (39 fathers, 62 mothers) completed a series of physical, lifestyle, and psychosocial assessments. The univariable relationship between each covariate and BME was explored. Those found to have an association with child BME (P<.2) were included in an initial multivariable model and sequentially removed, until all remaining covariates were statistically significant (P<.05). RESULTS: Mothers’ BME performance was related to children’s performance, accounting for 14.4% of the variance in the children’s BME. Fathers’ BME performance had a similar, albeit nonsignificant effect. Children’s sitting trunk angle, pain sensitivity, percent trunk fat, waist girth, and body mass index were associated with their BME performance, accounting for between 5.2% and 20.9% of BME. CONCLUSIONS: The final multivariable model, including mother’s BME, percent trunk fat, and sitting trunk angle, explained 28% of the variance in BME performance, suggesting that for successful BME intervention a range of multidimensional variables should be considered.

DOI

10.2519/jospt.2011.3638

Access Rights

free_to_read

 

Link to publisher version (DOI)

10.2519/jospt.2011.3638