The Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Faculty of Computing, Health and Science
School of Engineering / Centre for Communications Engineering Research
In this study, a fibre Bragg grating (FBG) was embedded beneath three common flooring materials acting as a pressure switch for in-ground intrusion detection. This is achieved using an intensiometric detection system, where a laser diode and FBG were optically mismatched so that there was a static dc offset from the transmitted and reflected optical power signals. As pressure was applied, in the form of a footstep, a strain induced wavelength shift occurred that could then be detected by converting the wavelength shift into an intensity change. The change in intensity caused a significant change in the DC offset which behaved as on optical switch. This switch could easily be configured to trigger an alarm if required. The intention is to use the FBG sensor as an in-ground intrusion detection pressure switch to detect an intruder walking within range of the sensor. This type of intrusion detection system can be applied to both external (in soil, etc) and internal (within the foundations or flooring of the home) security systems. The results show that a person's footstep can clearly be detected through solid wood flooring, laminate flooring, and ceramic floor tiles.