Title

Examining gender differences in the determinants of Masters Swimmers' sport commitment

Document Type

Journal Article

Faculty

Faculty of Computing, Health and Science

School

School of Exercise and Health Sciences

RAS ID

14825

Comments

This article was originally published as: Wigglesworth, J., Young, B., Medic, N. , & Grove, J. (2012). Examining gender differences in the determinants of Masters Swimmers' sport commitment. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 10(3), 236-250. Original article available here

Abstract

This study examined gender differences in levels of sport commitment and commitment determinants, and differences among determinants for predicting functional (FC) and obligatory commitment (OC). Based on questionnaire data from competitive Masters swimmers (235 m; 272 f; M age = 51.5 yr, range = 25–80), males reported significantly (p < .05) higher OC, involvement alternatives, personal investment, and social constraints levels. Enjoyment significantly predicted males' and females' FC levels, yet personal investments uniquely predicted females' FC. Social constraints, involvement opportunities, and involvement alternatives explained OC levels for both genders, yet social support and personal investments were unique predictors for males and females, respectively. Findings provide evidence that sport commitment and determinants, can vary by gender.

DOI

10.1080/1612197X.2012.691232

Access Rights

Not open access

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