Social sciences and hydrology: An introduction
Faculty of Business and Law
School of Law and Justice
Water resources management is increasingly uncertain. This is not only due to increasing competition for access but also because of increased uncertainty about the resource because of climate change. Both these issues are underlined by increasing populations, changes in settlement patterns, evolving environmental values, demands for justice in allocation and the changing nature of the world economy. Over the past twenty years there has been the development of the concept of basic human rights in terms of access to adequate quantities and quality of water resources for all. Water supply, sanitation and hygiene programs have emerged in the light of unacceptable health outcomes from current water management. At the same time large scale development of water resources has continued with projects such as the Three Gorges Dam and threats to groundwater in terms of quantity and quality have occurred through mining and overexploitation, sometimes due to ignorance about the resource and lack of governance.