SuccesQuotient@Work for Leadership
McGraw Hill Education
Place of Publication
Oh. A., Loh, M.I., & Gringat, E.
Faculty of Education and Arts
School of Arts and Humanities
Are leaders born or made? This "nature vs. nurture" debate has fascinated people around the world since ancient times. Some argue that leaders are born with the intelligence, personality and behavioural traits prototypical of leaders. Others believe the environment and upbringing contributes enormously to leadership. The truth is, leadership is the intricate results of both genes and the environment.
There is a difference between a leader and leadership. A leader is someone who leads and whom people follow. In contrast, leadership is about having the ability to influence a group of people to achieve a common goal. Therefore, leadership involves the leaders using his or her influence to help groups attain some goals. In this chapter, leadership is defined as the ability to influence, motivate and enable others within a group to achieve organisational effectiveness and goals. Major leadership theories will be discussed in this chapter. This chapter will then conclude with some strategies for effective leadership.