Review of climate change adaptation and social protection policies of Ghana: The extent of reducing impacts of climate change and heat stress vulnerability of smallholder farmers

Document Type

Journal Article


IGI Global


Schol of Science / Centre for Ecosystem Management




Originally published as: Frimpong, K., Van Etten, E., Oosthuzien, J., & Fannam, V. N. (2015). Review of Climate Change Adaptation and Social Protection Policies of Ghana: The Extent of Reducing Impacts of Climate Change and Heat Stress Vulnerability of Smallholder Farmers. International Journal of Social Ecology and Sustainable Development (IJSESD), 6(4), 1-14.Original article available here


Smallholder farming has become a significant livelihood coping strategy of the population in Ghana. However, in the last decade the upsurge of climate change and the effect of heat stress vulnerability on smallholder farmers in Northern Ghana are alarming. This article investigates the chances of using social protection and climate change adaptation policies towards the management of risks associated with heat stress emanating from climate change. It reviews salient literature on heat stress, social protection, and climate change policies and develops a model upon which both domestic and international interest in climate and social protection policies of Ghana and Sub-Sahara Africa can reduce or aggravate heat stress impacts on smallholder farmers both at their working environment and at household level. It exemplifies the efficacy of the strength of social protection and climate change adaptation policies in Ghana and its impacts on vulnerable rural smallholder farmers and how such situation is replicated in many parts of Africa. It outlines further measures that can be undertaken by governments and international donor agencies to revamp the destitution of smallholder farmers to climate change and heat stress in African region.