Examining the relationship between safety culture and safety climate and the role leading safety indicators play in enhancing safety performance in the Oil and Gas Industry
World Safety Organization
School of Business and Law
This study examined the relationship between safety culture, safety climate, and leading safety indicators in enhancing safety performance in the workplace. The research showed that an organisation’s positive safety culture is believed to be important in improving safety performance. Achieving a positive safety culture takes time and relies on a top-down approach, with a visible commitment to safety by management. On the other hand, safety climate relies on a bottom-up perceptual approach, corresponding to individual values, attitudes, and perceptions regarding safety. No universally agreed method exists for stablishing and correlating safety culture factors with leading safety indicators for the oil and gas industry, nor is there a generic set of safety indicators to cover all relevant aspects of a positive safety culture. However, it is possible to link the safety culture maturity model to a set of leading safety indicators so that management can act on the early warning signs.