Title

The back squat and the power clean: Elicitation of different degrees of potentiation

Document Type

Journal Article

Publisher

Human Kinetics

Faculty

Faculty of Health, Engineering and Science

School

School of Exercise and Health Sciences/Centre for Exercise and Sports Science Research

RAS ID

18257

Comments

This article was originally published as: Seitz L.B., Trajano G.S., Haff G.G. (2014). The back squat and the power clean: Elicitation of different degrees of potentiation. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 9(4), 643-649. Original article available here

Abstract

Purpose: To compare the acute effects of back squats and power cleans on sprint performance. Methods: Thirteen elite junior rugby league players performed 20-m linear sprints before and 7 min after 2 different conditioning activities or 1 control condition. The conditioning activities included 1 set of 3 back squats or power cleans at 90% 1-repetition maximum. A 2 × 2 repeated-measures ANOVA was used to compare preconditioning and postconditioning changes in sprint performance. Results: Both the back-squat and power-clean conditioning activities demonstrated a potentiation effect as indicated by improved sprint time (back squat: P =.001, ES = -0.66; power cleans: P =.001, ES = -0.92), velocity (back squat: P =.001, ES = 0.63; power cleans: P =.001, ES = 0.84), and average acceleration over 20 m (back squat: P =.001, ES = 0.70; power cleans: P =.001, ES = 1.00). No potentiation effect was observed after the control condition. Overall, the power clean induced a greater improvement in sprint time (P =.042, ES = 0.83), velocity (P =.047, ES = 1.17), and average acceleration (P =.05, ES = 0.87) than the back squat. Conclusions: Back-squat and power-clean conditioning activities both induced improvements in sprint performance when included as part of a potentiation protocol. However, the magnitude of improvement was greater after the power cleans. From a practical perspective, strength and conditioning coaches should consider using power cleans rather than back squats to maximize the performance effects of potentiation complexes targeting the development of sprint performance.

DOI

10.1123/IJSPP.2013-0358

Access Rights

Not open access

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