Document Type

Journal Article

Publisher

BioMed Central Ltd.

Faculty

Faculty of Health, Engineering and Science

School

School of Medical Sciences/Centre of Excellence for Alzheimer's Disease Research and Care

RAS ID

19357

Comments

This article was originally published as: Ortiz-Virumbrales, M., Ruiz, M., Hone, E. , Dolios, G., Wang, R., Morant, A., Kottwitz, J., Ozelius, L., Gandy, S., & Ehrlich, M. (2014). Dystonia type 6 gene product Thap1: identification of a 50 kDa DNA-binding species in neuronal nuclear fractions. Acta Neuropathologica Communications, 18(2), 139. Original article available here

Abstract

Mutations in THAP1 result in dystonia type 6, with partial penetrance and variable phenotype. The goal of this study was to examine the nature and expression pattern of the protein product(s) of the Thap1 transcription factor (DYT6 gene) in mouse neurons, and to study the regional and developmental distribution, and subcellular localization of Thap1 protein. The goal was accomplished via overexpression and knock-down of Thap1 in the HEK293T cell line and in mouse striatal primary cultures and western blotting of embryonic Thap1-null tissue. The endogenous and transduced Thap1 isoforms were characterized using three different commercially available anti-Thap1 antibodies and validated by immunoprecipitation and DNA oligonucleotide affinity chromatography. We identified multiple, novel Thap1 species of apparent Mr 32 kDa, 47 kDa, and 50–52 kDa in vitro and in vivo, and verified the previously identified species at 29–30 kDa in neurons. The Thap1 species at the 50 kDa size range was exclusively detected in murine brain and testes and were located in the nuclear compartment. Thus, in addition to the predicted 25 kDa apparent Mr, we identified Thap1 species with greater apparent Mr that we speculate may be a result of posttranslational modifications. The neural localization of the 50 kDa species and its nuclear compartmentalization suggests that these may be key Thap1 species controlling neuronal gene transcription. Dysfunction of the neuronal 50 kDa species may therefore be implicated in the pathogenesis of DYT6.

DOI

10.1186/s40478-014-0139-1

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 License.

Share

 
COinS