Author Guidelines


Contributors are encouraged to follow the recommendations of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals http://www.icmje.org . The document provides useful information for authors, reviewers, editors and general readers, in many aspects of ethical, technical and formatting principles which should be applied to manuscripts prior to submission and publication in any medical journal.

Manuscript types outlined above will be considered for publication if they meet the requirements of the journal, editorial review and review process.

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Submission Process

The manuscript should be submitted by the corresponding author who will be the author the journal will send all correspondence to.

To ensure rapid processing all manuscripts should be submitted electronically.  The journal will accept the following manuscript file formats: doc, docx and rtf. 

The submission process requires a cover letter outlining briefly why the manuscript should be published by the journal, declare any author conflicts of interest, declare any funding for the research. The manuscript should be the second file submitted.

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Manuscript Layout

The manuscript should contain the following components:

  • Title Page
  • Abstract & Keywords
  • Introduction
  • Methods
  • Results
  • Discussion
  • Conclusion
  • Acknowledgements
  • Competing Interests
  • References

Title Page

The title page should include:

  • the title of the manuscript, where possible including the study design and no abbreviations
  • a running title of no more than 60 characters
  • For each author
    • title and name
    • position
    • qualifications
    • email address
    • one organisational affiliation
  • Corresponding author, full contact details including title, name, postal address, telephone, fax and email address


The abstract should have the following sub-headings: Introduction (the last sentence should be study objective, same as in the main introduction), Methods, Results, Conclusion, and be a maximum of 250 words. Should not contain references.

After the Abstract should be the Keywords. There should be no more than six keywords, using MeSH headings where possible. These should be in lower case separated by a comma (,).


  • Provides an overview of the problem being studied and the reasons for the study.
  • Background information may be presented => historical developments leading to the study.
  • The study objective, most important part => the last sentence in the last paragraph.


  • Should describe exactly how the study was conducted.
  • Designed to answer the research question
  • The most important section of the article, it must be described with sufficient detail and clarity so that another researcher could replicate the study using a different group of participants.
  • Used to assess the validity of the study.
Study Design
  • Just state the study design, e.g. a retrospective cohort study.
  • The department/university/ambulance service – number of staff/state and population, reference state population.
  • Delete if not applicable.
  • Describe who participated in the study.
  • Should include the calculation or method for determining the sample size (if required).
  • Inclusion criteria.
  • Exclusion criteria.
  • Delete if not applicable.
  • Used when using measurement scales, e.g. pre-existing surveys.
  • Delete if not applicable.
  • Exactly how the study was conducted, e.g. the processes used to administer a survey.
  • Treatment allocation process (if used):
    • Sample types => paired samples, eg. use of matching (case-control study), independent sample, eg no matching.
    • Randomisation => the process of how the participants are randomised to their respective groups should be described.
    • Control groups => should describe what type, eg historical, concurrent, or placebo.
    • Blinding => should state who is blinded to the intervention in the study, eg patient, statistician, investigator, etc.
Outcome Measures
  • Should include the outcomes that will be measured during the study, eg death, length of hospital stay.
  • Delete if not applicable.
Data Analysis
  • Describe what data will be analysed using which stats, tests and statistical programme.
  • Delete if not applicable.
  • List all ethics committees that approved the study.
  • Delete if not applicable.


  • Demographic results first.
  • A description of the study groups and how similar they are or are not.
  • For a literature review, include all articles located, then number that met the inclusion criteria.
  • The magnitude of the analysis and statistical significance of the results should be reported => point estimate, confidence interval, and p values should be reported.
  • Potential or actual confounder(s) should be reported.
  • Missing participants should be accounted for.
  • The outcomes stated in the methods section should be reported.
  • All the numbers need to add up.
  • Is variability in the results reported?
  • Graphical summaries must be accurately presented.
  • Adverse effects reported.


  • Approximately eight to ten paragraphs.
  • First paragraph should be an overarching statement about the study.
  • The results may be interpreted.
  • Each paragraph consists of approximately four to six sentences, the first highlighting a point of interest from the study. The remaining sentences support the first sentence or a comparison of results from similar studies, highlighting similarities or differences.
  • The second last paragraph can be one that recommends further research, or changes to current practice.
  • The last paragraph should be the study limitations.


  • Should summarise the study, no additional information should be added.
  • Two to three sentences is normally sufficient to summarise the study.
  • Should not contain references.


  • Participants who participated in the study, e.g. staff who completed a survey.
  • Delete if not applicable.

Conflict of Interest

  • A statement about the conflict of interest for each author, even if there is none.


  • Use the Vancouver style with in text parenthesis “()” and numbering in the reference list.
  • Use EndNote, or similar referencing software, so changes in the text can be easily updated.
  • Authors are responsible for the accuracy of all references and in text citations.


  • These should be inserted into the text, either high quality jpeg or preferably tiff, and of 300dpi minimum quality.
  • Figures must be labelled sequentially and made reference to in the text.
  • Delete if not applicable.


  • Can be used to provide a large amount of information instead of writing it in the results section.
  • Tables should be inserted into the text.
  • Tables must be labelled sequentially and made reference to in the text.
  • Delete if not applicable.

Download a manuscript template[link to website]

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Manuscript Style and Language

  • Manuscripts must be submitted in English, using the Concise Oxford Dictionary as a spelling reference and/or the English (U.K.) language setting in word processing programmes.
  • Standard international (SI) units should be used throughout the manuscript.
  • Font selection should be sized at 12 point in Times New Roman or Arial and line spacing should be double and left justified.
  • Pages should be numbered consecutively on the bottom centre commencing with the title page to include all references, tables, acknowledgements and legends.
  • In the title capitals should be used for the first word and proper nouns
  • Footnotes and endnotes created by word processors are not allowed.
  • All manuscripts should be submitted in document (doc, docx) or rich text format (.rtf) and may be submitted electronically online.

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Manuscript Handling

Initial evaluation of all manuscripts will be undertaken by one of the assistant editors to determine suitability for publication in the AJP. A process of peer review by appropriately qualified researchers will follow to determine quality and changes required of submitted articles, prior to publication.

Acceptance of a manuscript for publication is possible only after completion of the editing process. Every author whose name appears on the manuscript is responsible for all content published in the article, including any changes made in the editing process. The author whose name appears as the corresponding author will receive a copy of the final edited version of the article to circulate to co-authors.

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Article Types

Each issue will contain the following component, depending on accepted material:

  • Editorial
    • By the editor
    • Invited by the editor
  • Original research
    • Any study type
    • No limit of size, references, tables, or figures
    • Figures may be in colour or black and white
  • Reviews
    • Systematic review +/- meta-analysis
    • Literature reviews
  • Management/Policy/Education
    • Articles covering policy/management issues
      • Current
      • Technical aspects
    • Articles covering various aspects of education, in line with the journal aims.
  • Commentary
    • Invited to comment on a submitted manuscript
    • Submitted, covering a current important prehospital issue
  • Clinician’s Corner
    • Cover up-to-date information on conditions/management/etc
  • Letter to the editor
  • Will also permit a reply by the authors to whom the letter pertains
  • Special topics
    • An article on points of interest, e.g. how to interpret a forest plot
  • Other components
    • Conference reports
    • Book reviews
    • Website reviews
    • From Paramedics Australasia

There is no word limit, per se, for each article type however the following is given as a guide:

  • Editorials – 600 to 800 words
  • Original research – 2,500 to 3,000 words
  • Systematic Literature reviews +/- meta-analysis – 3,000 to 5,000 words
  • Narrative literature reviews – 2,500 to 3,000 words
  • Management/Policy/Education – 2,500 to 3,000
  • Commentary – 600 to 800 words
  • Clinician’s Corner – 1,200 to 1,500 words
  • Letter to the Editor – up to 800 words
  • Special Topics – as needed
  • Other components – as needed
If you have additional questions please contact the editor on AJP.editor@paramedics.org.au

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Supplementary Issues

These will contain specific content that cannot wait until the normal publication time. Supplementary issues may also contain conference abstracts due to the various times conference are held and the time to obtain and format the abstracts.

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