ABSTRACT This paper provides a survey of the terrain of theories of human judgment and decision-making (JDM). It provides an introduction, overview, and some insight into the understanding of some conceptual theories, frameworks, and the literature of JDM. This paper is in no way an exhaustive meta-analysis of the literature on JDM, nor is it intended to be. It does not seek to categorise and compare existing theories of judgment and decision-making or critically evaluate each in terms of others, nor does it seek to reclassify existing categories. Indeed much of the debate in the literature is about that very issue—how researchers and theorists view, characterise, categorise and apply existing theory of JDM in existing philosophies, 'schools-of-thought', and professional domains. The problematic, controversial, and, in the view of some researchers, inappropriate attempts to do so are well-documented.1-4 This paper will provide an overview of the competing accounts that various theories and philosophies place on judgment and decision-making.

Author Biography

Ramon Shaban RN, IPN, EMT-P, BSc(Med), BN, ADipAppSc(Amb), GCertInfCon, PGDipPH&TM, MEd (Research), MCommHealthPract(Hons), MRCNA, MACTM, PhD Candidate

Ramon is a lecturer in the School of Nursing and Midwifery at Griffith University. An ambulance paramedic, registered nurse, and medical scientist, Ramon has an extensive professional career spanning more than a decade in clinical practice, education and management in health care. Concurrently with ongoing clinical practice, Ramon has an emerging publication and research track record in a variety of areas related to emergency primary health care. Of particular interest to Ramon is clinical judgment and decision-making of health care workers in this setting. He is a Clinical Research Leader with the National Institute of Clinical Studies (NICS) Emergency Care Community of Practice, and has published in the area of infection control, infectious diseases, mental illness, clinical judgment and decision-making, and quality and safety in health care. Ramon regularly reviews for a number of national and international journals, and is in the final stages of completing his PhD that examines paramedic clinical judgment and decision-making of mental illness in the emergency care setting.

Contact Details: Ramon Shaban School of Nursing and Midwifery Research Centre for Practice Innovation Griffith University University Drive, Meadowbrook. QLD. 4131. Ph: +61 (07) 3382 1271 Fax: + 61 (07) 3382 1277 Email: r.shaban@griffith.edu.au

JEPHC PUBLICATIONS Student Contributions Paramedic clinical judgment of mental illness: Representations of official accounts (Paper 4 of a Four part series) Accounting for assessments of mental illness in paramedic practice: A new theoretical framework (Paper 3 of a Four part series)

Theories of clinical judgment and decision-making: A review of the theoretical literature (Paper 2 of a Four part series) Mental health and mental illness in paramedic practice: A warrant for research and inquiry into accounts of paramedic clinical judgment and decision-making (Paper 1 of a Four part series)

Clinical Practice Paramedic knowledge of infectious disease aetiology and transmission in an Australian Emergency Medical System

Original Reseach Paramedics' clinical judgment and mental health assessments in emergency contexts: Research, practice, and tools of the trade Uncertainty, Error and Risk in Human Clinical Judgment: Introductory Theoretical Frameworks in Paramedic Practice

Book Reviews Pathophysiology Paramedic

The Australian Immunisation Handbook 2003

Infection Control in the Community Nursing Research: Methods, Critical Appraisal and Utilization Paramedic field care: A complaint-based approach

Communicable Diseases and Infection Control for EMS

Writers' Workshop A Guide to Writing Book Reviews