Abstract Factor analysis is a multivariate statistical approach commonly used in psychology, education, and more recently in the health-related professions. This paper will attempt to provide novice researchers with a simplified approach to undertaking exploratory factor analysis (EFA). As the paramedic body of knowledge continues to grow, indeed into scale and instrument psychometrics, it is timely that an uncomplicated article such as this be offered to the paramedic readership both nationally and internationally. Factor analysis is an important tool that can be used in the development, refinement, and evaluation of tests, scales, and measures that can be used in education and clinical contexts by paramedics. The objective of the paper is to provide an exploratory factor analysis protocol, offering potential researchers with an empirically-supported systematic approach that simplifies the many guidelines and options associated with completing EFA.
Brett Williams BAVEd, Grad Cert ICP, Grad Dip EmergHlth, MHlthSc, PhD (Candidate) MACAP, NAEMSE.
Brett Williams is a senior lecturer at Monash University (Department of Community Emergency Health & Paramedic Practice) with over 15 years experience in paramedic education. He has been heavily involved in the ideological transition of paramedic education from vocational origins to the higher education sector and has developed curriculum for both undergraduate and postgraduate students in face-to-face and e-learning modes.
Brett is currently undertaking his PhD. Brett's research and teaching interests are focused on the paradigm of student-centred learning, alternative learning opportunities, innovative teaching strategies and interprofessional education.
JEPHC PUBLICATIONS EducationQualitative analysis of undergraduate paramedic students' perceptions of using case-based learning in an online learning environment
Using creative and contemporary teaching strategies to promote emancipation, empowerment and achievement in undergraduate paramedic students - a personal reflection The Implementation of Case-Based Learning - Shaping the Pedagogy in Ambulance Education Opinion "Developmental Disability Medicine: Is it time for its inclusion into the paramedic curriculum?" an interview with Dr Jane Tracy
Removal of Invasive Devices from Deceased Persons: Forensic implications for Paramedics - A Victorian Perspective. an Interview with Professor Stephen Cordner Book Reviews "eACLS" American College of Emergency Physicians & National Safety Council. February 2004. Conference Reports OLT-2005 "Beyond Delivery" Conference 27 September 2005, QUT, Brisbane The Australian College of Ambulance Professionals 2004 National Conference at Alice Springs September 9-11
Williams, Brett; Brown, Ted; and Onsman, Andrys
"Exploratory factor analysis: A five-step guide for novices,"
Journal of Emergency Primary Health Care:
3, Article 1.
Available at: http://ro.ecu.edu.au/jephc/vol8/iss3/1