Improving functional outcomes for children and adolescents with anxiety related disorders through occupational thrapy : a narrative review ; Perceptions of the role of occupational therapy in community Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS)
Date of Award
Bachelor of Science (Occupational Therapy) Honours
School of Exercise and Health Sciences
Health, Engineering and Science
Ms Rachel Batten
Dr Janet Richmond
Professor Ruth Marquis
Background/Aim: Children and adolescents experiencing anxiety find it challenging to maintain optimal occupational performance, thus the specific role of occupational therapy in the management of anxiety requires investigation. This narrative review examines the current available literature surrounding the use of occupational therapy approaches for children and adolescents experiencing anxiety.
Methods: Academic journals as well as a variety of sources were considered, due to the paucity of literature surrounding this topic. Articles were included if they discussed the occupational therapy role in treatment of children experiencing anxiety symptoms, including anxiety related disorders such as post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD).
Results: A total of eight articles that satisfied the inclusion and exclusion criteria were included, in addition to other publications that referred to occupational therapy approaches with children or adolescents with a co-morbidity of anxiety. The findings are presented in the format of the Person Environment Occupation (PEO) model.
Conclusions: Occupational therapy approaches include sensory based interventions, the use of creative activity within a counselling context and occupation based group therapy programs. Psycho-education as well as family and caregiver involvement during the therapy process was identified as an important occupational therapy role.
Significance of the study: Further rigorous research regarding specific occupational therapy approaches is warranted to provide best practice guidelines for therapists involved in the treatment of anxiety for this population group.
Anderson, P. J. (2013). Improving functional outcomes for children and adolescents with anxiety related disorders through occupational thrapy : a narrative review ; Perceptions of the role of occupational therapy in community Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS). Retrieved from http://ro.ecu.edu.au/theses_hons/109