Acute blood pressure response to high- and moderate-speed resistance exercise in older adults with hypertension
Journal of aging and physical activity
School of Medical and Health Sciences
An increase in blood pressure (BP) occurs during resistance exercise; attention to this response may be necessary in older individuals with hypertension. We compared the BP responses following high- (HSRE) and moderate-speed resistance exercise (MSRE) (4 × 8 repetitions at 60 % one-repetition maximum) and control protocol in 15 older adults with hypertension. HSRE and MSRE increased systolic BP (SBP) by the end of each set compared with preexercise and control protocol. Immediately after the fourth set, a higher SBP was observed in MSRE than HSRE (147 ± 14 vs. 141 ± 12 mmHg; p = .01). Taking an exploratory analysis of the individual response, we observed that MSRE resulted in greater mean changes and number of SBP exposures to values ≥ 150 mmHg (22-fold) than HSRE (10-fold). Diastolic BP increased (p < .05) with exercise, but only MSRE increased compared with the control condition (p < .05). HSRE may be an alternative for individuals in which SBP peak should be avoided.
Machado, C. L. F., Radaelli, R., Brusco, C. M., Cadore, E. L., Wilhelm, E. N., & Pinto, R. S. (2022).Acute blood pressure response to high- and moderate-speed resistance exercise in older adults with hypertension. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 30(4), 689-696. https://doi.org/10.1123/japa.2021-0214