Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Title

Critical reviews in oncology/hematology

Volume

166

First Page

103433

PubMed ID

34358650

Publisher

Elsevier

School

Exercise Medicine Research Institute

Comments

Weller, S., Hart, N. H., Bolam, K. A., Mansfield, S., Santa Mina, D., Winters-Stone, K. M., ... & Campbell, K. L. (2021). Exercise for individuals with bone metastases: A systematic review. Critical Reviews in Oncology/Hematology, 103433. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.critrevonc.2021.103433

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Exercise has the potential to improve physical function and quality of life in individuals with bone metastases but is often avoided due to safety concerns. This systematic review summarizes the safety, feasibility and efficacy of exercise in controlled trials that include individuals with bone metastases. METHODS: MEDLINE, Embase, Pubmed, CINAHL, PEDro and CENTRAL databases were searched to July 16, 2020. RESULTS: A total of 17 trials were included incorporating aerobic exercise, resistance exercise or soccer interventions. Few (n = 4, 0.5%) serious adverse events were attributed to exercise participation, with none related to bone metastases. Mixed efficacy results were found, with exercise eliciting positive changes or no change. The majority of trials included an element of supervised exercise instruction (n = 16, 94%) and were delivered by qualified exercise professionals (n = 13, 76%). CONCLUSIONS: Exercise appears safe and feasible for individuals with bone metastases when it includes an element of supervised exercise instruction.

DOI

10.1016/j.critrevonc.2021.103433

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

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