Sex-specific association of BMI change with stroke in middle-aged and older adults with type 2 diabetes
Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases
School of Medical and Health Sciences
Background and aims: We aimed to evaluate the association between BMI change and stroke in middle-aged and older adults with type 2 diabetes and identify sex differences. Methods and results: The China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study is an ongoing national population-based cohort study. Participants aged 45 or above with type 2 diabetes were enrolled and followed for stroke incidence. BMI change was defined as BMI at 2013-BMI at 2011. Of 1774 participants (mean [SD] age in 2011, 60.23 [8.88] years), 795 (44.8 %) were men. A total of 112 incident stroke cases were confirmed up to 2018. The incidence rate of stroke was similar between men and women (6.79 % vs 5.92 %, P = 0.516). BMI increase was independently associated with an increased stroke risk (adjusted odds ratio, 1.15; 95 % CI, 1.05–1.31) in men, while this positive association was not significant in women (adjusted odds ratio, 1.12; 95 % CI, 0.98–1.29). In addition, the positive dose–response relationship between BMI increase and stroke was observed only in men. Conclusion: Among middle-aged and older adults with type 2 diabetes, there is a sex-specific association of BMI change with stroke. An increase in BMI could result in a higher risk of incident stroke in men.