The citizens' right to know the risks linked to the use of pesticides: Europe can unquestionably do better
Place of Publication
Law and Business School
The access to documents has now been considered as a core element of democratic governance and transparency within European countries. Moreover, as detaining information has become crucial, it has been recognized as a fundamental human right. Dating back to the end of the 18'" century in Sweden, the individual right to know has now been transposed to the EU level. Building upon the Nordic expertise, the Council of Europe Convention on Access to official Documents of 18 June 2009 thus requires States to guarantee 'the right of everyone, without discrimination on any ground, to have access, on request, to official documents held by public authorities'3 • At the EU level, regulation 1049(2001) regarding public access to European Parliament, Council and Commission documents of 30 May 20014 has set up a general regime, the aim being to 'bring about greater openness in the work of the institutions'. Thus, 'access to documents should be granted by the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission not only to documents drawn up by the institutions, but also to documents received by them'.