Cybersecurity for wireless implants
Place of Publication
Security Research Institute
This chapter aims to conduct a comprehensive survey and analysis of IMD security challenges and potential solutions. Typical IMD products and their wireless communication modules are introduced first. Security problems of these IMDs are demonstrated by ethical hacking tests on pacemakers, implantable cardioverter-defibrillators and insulin pump systems. In order to develop a viable security scheme for IMDs, three critical design trade-offs are analyzed: security versus accessibility, emergency access versus checkup access, and security versus limited resources. Security schemes for the purpose of achieving each trade-off are surveyed and analysed, and their advantages and drawbacks are highlighted.