Namibia - geotourism in the arid zone
Handbook of Geotourism
Edward Elgar Publishing
Place of Publication
Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, UK
Dowling, R. & Newsome, D.
School of Business and Law
Namibia, a country in southwest Africa, is distinguished by its landmark geological feature the Namib Desert which borders the Atlantic Ocean. It is a largely arid or semi-arid country in sub-Saharan Africa, bordering Angola, Botswana, South Africa and Zambia (Figure 33.1). The country is one of Africa’s youngest nations, gaining independence in 1990 after 70 years of South African rule. About two-thirds of the small population base of 2.6 million (2018) live in rural areas, predominantly in the north and northeast of the country. The rest make up the country’s urban population, living in Namibia’s capital Windhoek, as well as coastal towns such as Swakopmund, Walvis Bay and Lüderitz (NSA, 2017).