Title

Backpacker personal development, generalized self-efficacy, and self-esteem: Testing a structural model

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Title

Journal of Travel Research

Publisher

SAGE Publications

School

School of Business and Law

RAS ID

27450

Comments

Originally published as:

Chen, G., Huang, S., & Hu, X. (2018). Backpacker Personal Development, Generalized Self-Efficacy, and Self-Esteem: Testing a Structural Model. Journal of Travel Research. Advance Online Publication.

Original article available here.

Abstract

Guided by self-determination theory (SDT), this study aims to advance the theoretical understanding of backpacker personal development (BPD) by examining its relationships with two important social-psychological constructs, that is, generalized self-efficacy (GSE) and self-esteem (SE). Using two samples from different cultural groups (Chinese backpackers, n=230; Western backpackers, n=242) and applying the partial least squares structural equation modeling, the study found that among Chinese backpackers, skill development positively influenced GSE while worldview changes negatively influenced SE. For Western backpackers, capability development and emotional adjustment positively influenced their GSE. The positive effects of GSE on SE were confirmed in both samples. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.

DOI

10.1177/0047287518768457

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