The impact of dry-land sprint start training on the short track speed skating start
Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
School of Medical and Health Sciences
Haug, WB, Drinkwater, EJ, Cicero, NJ, Barthell, JA, and Chapman, DW. The impact of dry-land sprint start training on the short track speed skating start. J Strength Cond Res 33(2): 544-548, 2019-This investigation sought to determine the effects of dry-land sprint start training on short track speed skating (STSS) start performance. Nine highly trained short track athletes completed a control period of normal STSS training followed by a 4-week training intervention. Before and after the control and intervention periods, athletes performed 3 electronically timed dry-land and on-ice 14.43 m maximal sprint start efforts. The intervention consisted of 2 sprint sessions per week consisting of 9 electronically timed 14.43 m dry-land sprint starts in addition to normal STSS training. The control period resulted in no substantial change in on-ice start performance (mean Δ: -0.01 seconds, 95% confidence limit [CL]: -0.08 to 0.05 seconds; effect size [ES]: -0.05; trivial); however, a small change was observed in dry-land start performance (mean Δ: -0.07 seconds, 95% CL: -0.13 to -0.02 seconds; ES: -0.49). After brief specific dry-land sprint start training, a small improvement was observed in both on-ice (Mean Δ: -0.07 seconds, 95% CL: -0.13 to -0.01 seconds; ES: -0.33) and dry-land (Mean Δ: -0.04 seconds, 95% CL: -0.09 to 0.00 seconds; ES: -0.29) start performance. This investigation suggests that STSS start performance can be improved through a brief dry-land sprint start training program.