Title

ACE I/D gene variant predicts ACE enzyme content in blood but not the ACE, UCP2, and UCP3 protein content in human skeletal muscle in the Gene SMART study

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Title

Journal of Applied Physiology

Publisher

American Physiological Society

School

School of Medical and Health Sciences

RAS ID

29525

Comments

Originally published as: Yan, X., Dvir, N., Jacques, M., Cavalcante, L., Papadimitriou, I. D., Munson, F., ... Eynon, N. (2018). ACE I/D gene variant predicts ACE enzyme content in blood but not the ACE, UCP2, and UCP3 protein content in human skeletal muscle in the Gene SMART study. Journal of Applied Physiology, 125(3), 923-930. Original publication available here

Abstract

Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) is expressed in human skeletal muscle. The ACE I/D polymorphism has been associated with athletic performance in some studies. Studies have suggested that the ACE I/D gene variant is associated with ACE enzyme content in serum, and there is an interaction between ACE and uncoupling proteins 2 and 3 (UCP2 and UCP3). However, no studies have explored the effect of ACE I/D on ACE, UCP2, and UCP3 protein content in human skeletal muscle. Utilizing the Gene SMART cohort (n = 81), we investigated whether the ACE I/D gene variant is associated with ACE enzyme content in blood and ACE, UCP2, and UCP3 protein content in skeletal muscle at baseline and following a session of high-intensity interval exercise (HIIE). Using a stringent and robust statistical analyses, we found that the ACE I/D gene variant was associated with ACE enzyme content in blood (P < 0.005) at baseline but not the ACE, UCP2, and UCP3 protein content in muscle at baseline. A single session of HIIE tended (0.005 < P < 0.05) to increase blood ACE content immediately postexercise, whereas muscle ACE protein content was lower 3 h after a single session of HIIE (P < 0.005). Muscle UCP3 protein content decreased immediately after a single session of HIIE (P < 0.005) and remained low 3 h postexercise. However, those changes in the muscle were not genotype dependent. In conclusion, The ACE I/D gene variant predicts ACE enzyme content in blood but not the ACE, UCP2, and UCP3 protein content of human skeletal muscle. NEW & NOTEWORTHY: This paper describes the association between ACE I/D gene variant and ACE protein content in blood and ACE, UCP2, and UCP3 protein content in skeletal muscle at baseline and after exercise in a large cohort of healthy males. Our data suggest that ACE I/D is a strong predictor of blood ACE content but not muscle ACE content.

DOI

10.1152/japplphysiol.00344.2018

Access Rights

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