The psychometric validation of the quality practical experience (QPE) instruments (nurses and student nurse) to evaluate clinical supervision of undergraduate student nurses
Nurse Education in Practice
School of Nursing and Midwifery
It is important to evaluate stakeholder feedback regarding any change to a clinical supervision model to maintain quality. The Quality Practical Experience (QPE) instruments offer both the nurse on the ward involved with supervising student learning and the student nurse the opportunity to evaluate their satisfaction with the supervision model. This paper reports on the evaluation of the construct validity and the reliability of the QPE instruments measuring nurse and nursing student satisfaction with the clinical supervision model. Methodological design for the reliability and validation of a measuring instrument. The nurse and the student QPE instruments were tested with convenience samples of 488 nurses and 1116 student nurses, respectively. Psychometric tests included internal reliability, test-retest reliability and factor analyses. Exploratory factor analysis for both QPEs supported a three-factor solution; the nurse QPE explained 48% and student nurse QPE 45% of variance. Internal reliability and test-retest reliability were stable over time (nurse QPE ICC = 0.82; student nurse QPE ICC = 0.71). Both QPE instruments were found to be valid and reliable. Feedback from all stakeholders involved with supporting student nurses during clinical placement is important.