Smartphone application for diabetes behavior study in Thailand
Sripatum Review of Science and Technology
School of Science
The objectives of this research were (1) to study the self-care situations of patients with diabetes in order to design the smartphone application; and (2) to study the satisfaction with using the smartphone application of diabetes patients and caregivers. The research sample consisted of 60 diabetes patients who were divided into two groups, i.e. the experimental group and the control group, each of which consisting of 30 patients. The experimental group was the group that used the smartphone application; while the control group was under the care of health service providers. Quantitative data was collected with the use of a 5-scale rating questionnaire with the entire reliability coefficient of 0.72 and the IOC (Item-Objective Congruency) of 0.55; while qualitative data was obtained by in-depth interviews, observation, focus group discussion and documentary study. Statistics used for data analysis were the percentage, mean, and standard deviation. The research results were as follows: (1) From the study of self-care situations of patients with diabetes in order to design the smartphone application, it was found that the developed application on the android operating system for patients and caregivers consisted of 11 main screens, including the Main Screen, Personal Information, Body Mass Index Calculation, Frequently Asked Questions, Nutrition, Medication Taking, Exercises, Control of Emotions, Health Problems, Graphs, and Logout. (2) After the application was tried out with the experimental group in order to study the satisfaction with using the smartphone application of diabetes patients and caregivers, there were five aspects of the application to be satisfied with, namely, the first aspect: application design and configuration; the second aspect: the installation process and understanding in using the application; the third aspect: the overview of the application; the fourth aspect: the theme and image of the application; and the fifth aspect: the application usage. It was found that the third aspect: the overview of the application received the highest satisfaction rating mean from the patients (rating mean = 3.53, SD = 0.64), which was at the high level.