Progress in Natural Science: Materials International
School of Engineering
Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province
© 2020 Chinese Materials Research Society The effect of Cr content on the microstructure and mechanical properties of CrxFeNiCu high entropy alloys (HEAs) was firstly studied by first-principles calculations. The calculated results show that the hardness of the alloys increased with the expense of its plasticity decrease, if the content of Cr in the alloy increased. In order to verify the calculated results, CrxFeNiCu (x = 0.8, 1, 1.5 and 2) high entropy alloys were synthesized by vacuum induction melting in the present study. The results show that as the value of x increased from 0.8 to 2, the crystal structure changed from single phase face centered cubic (FCC) phase to a mixture of FCC and body centered cubic (BCC) phases. For the single phase FCC (x = 0.8) structure, both the tensile strength and hardness values were low, which were 491.6 MPa and 322.2 HV respectively, however, the plasticity was high, reaching 33.2%. With the formation and growth of BCC phase (x = 2) the tensile strength and hardness of the alloy were significantly improved, which were 872.6 MPa and 808 HV, respectively.
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