Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Title

East Asian Archives of Psychiatry

Volume

30

Issue

3

First Page

88

Last Page

90

Publisher

Hong Kong Academy of Medicine Press

Comments

Anokye, R., Acheampong, E., Edusei, A., Owusu, I., & Mprah, W. K. (2020). Prevalence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder among primary school children in Oforikrom, Ghana based on the disruptive behavior disorders rating scale. East Asian Archives of Psychiatry, 30(3), 88-90. https://doi.org/10.12809/eaap1907

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among primary school children in Oforikrom, Kumasi, Ghana. METHODS: 10 of 35 primary schools in Oforikrom were readily available. Of 2000 children aged 5 to 13 years selected, 1540 (77%) of their parents/guardians consented to participate. Their parents/guardians and six teachers from each school were asked to complete the Disruptive Behavior Disorders Rating Scale to screen children for the presence of ADHD, oppositional defiant disorder, or conduct disorder. Children who displayed symptoms (pretty much or very much) in most related items as determined by parents and/or teachers were considered positive cases. RESULTS: The mean age of 1540 pupils was 9 ± 2.16 years. Most (31%) were primary 4 pupils. 5% of pupils displayed ADHD symptoms (attention deficit disorder subtype in 36%, hyperactivity disorder subtype in 27%, and combined subtype in 37%). Of them, 51% were male. Most (19%) of those who displayed the symptoms were in primary 5. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of ADHD among primary school children in Oforikrom was 5%. 51% of those with ADHD symptoms were male. Most (19%) of those with ADHD symptoms were in primary 5.

DOI

10.12809/eaap1907

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

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