Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Title

BMJ Open


BMJ Publishing Group


School of Medical and Health Sciences




Edith Cowan University - Open Access Support Scheme 2020

National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia

Grant Number

NHMRC Number : 1116973, 1172987


Radavelli-Bagatini, S., Bondonno, C. P., Sim, M., Blekkenhorst, L. C., Anokye, R., Connolly, E., ... & Hodgson, J.M. (2020). Modification of diet, exercise and lifestyle (MODEL) study: a randomised controlled trial protocol. BMJ open, 10(11), e036366.


Introduction Most cardiovascular disease (CVD)-related events could be prevented or substantially delayed with improved diet and lifestyle. Providing information on structural vascular disease may improve CVD risk factor management, but its impact on lifestyle change remains unclear. This study aims to determine whether providing visualisation and pictorial representation of structural vascular disease (abdominal aortic calcification (AAC)) can result in healthful diet and lifestyle change.

Methods and analysis This study, including men and women aged 60–80 years, is a 12-week, two-arm, multisite randomised controlled trial. At baseline, all participants will have AAC assessed from a lateral spine image captured using a bone densitometer. Participants will then be randomised to receive their AAC results at baseline (intervention group) or a usual care control group that will receive their results at 12 weeks. All participants will receive information about routinely assessed CVD risk factors and standardised (video) diet and lifestyle advice with three simple goals: (1) increase fruit and vegetable (FV) intake by at least one serve per day, (2) improve other aspects of the diet and (3) reduce sitting time and increase physical activity. Clinical assessments will be performed at baseline and 12 weeks.

Outcomes The primary outcome is a change in serum carotenoid concentrations as an objective measure of FV intake. The study design, procedures and treatment of data will adhere to Standard Protocol Items for Randomized Trials guidelines.



Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License