Show me the data, Jerry! Data visualization and transparency
International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Human Kinetics Publishers Inc
School of Medical and Health Sciences
It is debatable whether or not science is progressive.1 Evidence of “p-hacking” and scientific bias exists.2,3 However, we can increase the likelihood that science remains or becomes progressive by increasing transparency and using practices that reduce the chance of scientific errors, such as unsound interpretation of data. Specifically, we would like to discuss the importance of data visualization and data transparency, an area of great evolutionary need in our expectations of contributions to the International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance (IJSPP). Over the years, many fields have highlighted the importance of improving how scientists present data. In 2015, Weissgerber et al4 noted many issues in data visualization present in the top physiology journals after reviewing over 700 published articles. The recommendation to “encourage more complete presentation of data” is equally or possibly even more important for journals like IJSPP, where studies with small sample sizes are often published, such as those including an elite athlete population. Further, readers interested in studies that focus on the elite athlete are often interested in individual performance or n = 1 analysis alongside the performance of a team or the group response.