Title

Peer assistance in children's problem solving

Document Type

Journal Article

Publisher

The British Psychological Society

Faculty

Computing, Health and Science

School

Psychology

RAS ID

163

Comments

Originally published as: Garton, A. F., & Pratt, C. (2001). Peer assistance in children's problem solving. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 19(2), 307-318. Original article available here

Abstract

The current study aimed to investigate the extent to which the creation of a context which facilitates conversation and communication would enhance the cognitive capacities of children working on recognized problems. Using a collaborative problem-solving paradigm, the communication patterns of pairs of 4- and 7-year-old children were analysed. It was found that collaborative problem solving facilitated lower ability children's subsequent individual problem solving when they were paired with higher ability children. In addition, it was found that older children used more language during collaboration. Holding number of utterances as a covariate, older children used more procedural language and more descriptive language than younger children and lower ability children used more language for checking with their partner. These uses of language were interpreted as demonstrating awareness on the part of older children of the other person in the collaboration although the extent to which this assisted subsequent problem-solving ability in less able children of either age is not clear and requires further theoretical explication.

DOI

10.1348/026151001166092

 
COinS
 

Link to publisher version (DOI)

10.1348/026151001166092