Document Type

Journal Article




Computing, Health and Science


Exercise, Biomedical & Health Science, Child Health Promotion Research Centre




This article was originally published as: Cross, D. S., Monks, H. E., Hall, M. R., Shaw, T. M., Pintabona, Y., Erceg, E. L., Hamilton, G. J., Roberts, C., Waters, S. K., & Lester, L. (2010). Three year results of the Friendly Schools whole-of-school intervention on children's bullying behaviour. British Educational Research Journal, 37(1), 1-25. Original article available here. This is a preprint of an article submitted for consideration in the British Educational Research Journal © 2010 [copyright Taylor & Francis]; British Educational Research Journal is available online at: with the open URL of your article, which would be the following address:


A group randomized controlled trial tested the efficacy of the Friendly Schools program to reduce student bullying behaviour. This socio-ecological intervention targeted the whole school, classroom, family, and individual students to reduce bullying behaviour. Self-report data were collected in 29 schools over three years from a cohort of 1968 eight to nine-year-olds. Surveys measured frequency of being bullied, bullying others, telling if bullied and observing bullying. Results indicate that intervention students were significantly less likely to observe bullying at 12, 24 and 36 months and be bullied after 12 and 36 months, and significantly more likely to tell if bullied after 12 months than comparison students. No differences were found for self-reported perpetration of bullying. The findings suggest whole-of-school programs that engage students in their different social contexts appear to reduce their experiences of being bullied and increase their likelihood of telling someone if they are bullied.

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