Faculty of Computing, Health and Science
School of Engineering
High efficient and energy-aware routing is an important issue for the design of resource constrained environments like Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). Many protocols have been developed for WSN that try to overcome the constraints that characterized this type of networks. Termite based routing protocols can add a significant contribution to assist in the maximization of the network lifetime without performance degradation. But this is only possible by means of an adaptable and balanced algorithm that takes into account the main constraints of WSN. This paper presents a biological inspired self-organized routing protocol for WSN which is based on termite colony optimization metaheuristic termed Termite-hill. The main objective of the proposed algorithm is to efficiently relay all the traffic destined for the sink, and also balance the network energy. The results of our extensive experiments on Routing Modeling Application Simulation Environment (RMASE) demonstrated that with sink mobility, our proposed routing algorithm was able to balance the network traffic load and prolong the network lifetime without performance degradation.