Document Type

Journal Article


Faculty of Computing, Health and Science


School of Exercise and Health Sciences / Child Health Promotion Research Centre




This article was originally published as: Lester, L. , Cross, D. S., Shaw, T. M., & Dooley, J. J. (2012). Adolescent Bully-victims: Social health and the transition to secondary school. Cambridge Journal of Education, 42(2), 213-233. Original article available here


This study aimed to investigate the causal pathways and factors associated with being involved in bullying behaviour as a bully-victim using longitudinal data from students aged 11-14 years over the transition time from primary to secondary school. Examination of bully-victim pathways suggest a critical time to intervene is prior to transition from the end of primary school to the beginning of secondary school to prevent and reduce the harm from bullying. Negative outcome expectancies from bullying perpetration were a significant predictor of being a bully-victim at the end of the first year of secondary school. The findings show an association between peer support, connectedness to school, pro-victim attitudes, outcome expectancies and level of bullying involvement. Implications for intervention programs are discussed.