Document Type

Conference Proceeding




Faculty of Health, Engineering and Science


ECU Security Research Institute/ECU Security Research Institute




This article was originally published as: Clarke, N.L. , Dowland, P., & Furnell, S.M. (2013). E-Invigilator: A biometric-based supervision system for e-Assessments. Proceedings of International Conference on Information Society. (pp. 238-242). Toronto, Canada. IEEE. © 2013 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works. Original article available here


The creation of Virtual Learning Environments (VLEs) have revolutionized the online delivery of learning materials, from traditional lectures slides through to podcasts, blogs and wikis. However, such advances in how we assess such learning have not evolved - with physical attendance at proctored exams still a necessity for formal assessments. This paper presents a novel model to enable remote and electronic invigilation of students during formal assessment. The approach utilizes transparent authentication to provide for a non-intrusive and continuous verification of the candidates identity throughout the examination timeframe. A prototype is developed and a technology evaluation of the platform demonstrates the feasibility of the approach.