Document Type

Journal Article




Faculty of Education and Arts


Office of Assoc Dean - Teaching and Learning (FEA)/Centre for Higher Education Learning and Teaching Research




This article was originally published as: Garrett, M. J., & Mcmahon, M. T. (2013). Indirect measures of learning transfer between real and virtual environments. Australiasian Journal of Educational Technology, 29(6), 806-822. Original article available here


This paper reports on research undertaken to determine the effectiveness of a 3D simulation environment used to train mining personnel in emergency evacuation procedures, designated the Fires in Underground Mines Evacuation Simulator (FUMES). Owing to the operational constraints of the mining facility, methods for measuring learning transfer were employed which did not require real world performance evaluation. Transfer measures that examined simulator performance relative to real world experience, fidelity assessment, and appraisal of the training value of the platform were utilised. Triangulation of results across all three measures indicated the presence of learning transfer, suggesting the viability of indirect measures in instances where real world performance testing is not possible. Furthermore, these indirect measures of learning transfer also provided some insight as to the strengths and weaknesses of the simulation design, which could be used to inform the development of future versions of the product.

Access Rights

AJET provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge. (source - )