Novel Nut And Bolt Task Quantifies Motor Deficits In Premanifest And Manifest Huntington’s Disease

Document Type

Journal Article


Public Library of Science


School of Medical Sciences


This article was originally published as : Collins, L. M., Begeti, F., Panin, F., Lazar, A. S., Cruickshank, T., Ziman, M., ... & Barker, R. A. (2015). Novel Nut and Bolt Task Quantifies Motor Deficits in Premanifest and Manifest Huntington’s Disease. PLoS currents,7. Original article available here


Background: We investigated the use of a simple novel nut and bolt task in premanifest and manifest Huntington’s disease (HD) patients to detect and quantify motor impairments at all stages of thedisease. Methods: Premanifest HD (n=24), manifest HD (n=27) and control (n=32) participants were asked to screw a nut onto a bolt in one direction, using three different sized bolts with their left and right hand in turn. Results: We identified some impairments at all stages of HD and in the premanifest individuals, deficits in the non-dominant hand correlated with disease burden scores. Conclusion: This simple, cheap motor task was able to detect motor impairments in both premanifest and manifest HD and as such might be a useful quantifiable measure of motor function for use in clinical studies. © 2015, Public Library of Science. All Rights Reserved.