Association of ideal cardiovascular health and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity: A cross-sectional study in Northern China

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School of Medical Sciences


Originally published as : Yan, Na (01.2016). Association of Ideal Cardiovascular Health and Brachial–Ankle Pulse Wave Velocity: A Cross-Sectional Study in Northern China. Journal of stroke and cerebrovascular diseases (1052-3057), 25 (1), p. 41-48. Available here


Background Brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) is an index for evaluating arterial stiffness and is recognized as an independent predictor of an impending cardiovascular event. Limited large-scale population data are available regarding the relationship between baPWV and the change in ideal cardiovascular health (CVH) status, particularly among Asians. Methods A random sample of 5199 participants (≥40 years of age; 40% women) was enrolled in a cross-sectional study in China to examine the association between ideal CVH and baPWV. Arterial stiffness was defined as a baPWV of 1400 cm/second or higher. Information on CVH was collected based on the American Heart Association's CVH definition by measuring all 7 components (nonsmoking status, body mass index, physical activity, healthy diet, normal total cholesterol, blood pressure, and fasting blood glucose), with 1 or 0 for each component, and a score from 0 to 7 for each participant. Results A significant and inverse association was found between the ideal CVH score and baPWV (P




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