Four-wave-mixing-based silicon integrated optical isolator with dynamic non-reciprocity

Document Type

Conference Proceeding


Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.


Electron Science Research Institute




Originally published as : Wang, K., Gao, S., Wang, Y., Nirmalathas, A., Lim, C., Alameh, K., & Skafidas, E. "Four-Wave-Mixing Based Silicon Integrated Optical Isolator with Dynamic Non-Reciprocity." IEEE Photonics Technology Letters. Vol. 28, iss. 16, pp.1739 - 1742. Article found here


Silicon photonics technology is a promising platform for photonics devices and system integration. However, due to the time-reversal symmetry, realizing silicon integrated isolators is still challenging. In this letter, an optical isolator based on the four-wave-mixing effect on silicon photonic integrated circuit platform is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. Different from typical nonlinear optical effect-based silicon integrated isolators, which can only be operated in either forward or backward directions (but not both), the isolator proposed here can be operated in both forward and backward directions simultaneously. The fundamental dynamic reciprocity limitation is overcome by a non-reciprocal wavelength conversion and wavelength filtering methodology. The fabricated silicon integrated isolator demonstrates an isolation ratio of >11.3 dB, and a 3-dB operational bandwidth exceeding 300 GHz. The insertion loss is© 2016 IEEE.



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