Effect of low temperature pre-deformation on precipitation behavior and microstructure during fabrication

Document Type

Journal Article


Taylor & Francis


School of Engineering




Originally published as: Chen, L., Li, J., Zhang, Y., Lu, W., Zhang, L. C., Wang, L., & Zhang, D. (2016). Effect of low-temperature pre-deformation on precipitation behavior and microstructure of a Zr-Sn-Nb-Fe-Cu-O alloy during fabrication. Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 53(4), 496-507. Available here.


The effect of low-temperature pre-deformation on the microstructural evolution of a Zr–Sn–Nb–Fe–Cu–O alloy was investigated by optical metallography, scanning electron microscope, transmission electron microscope, and electron backscattering diffraction (EBSD). It is found that a reasonably homogeneous and fine equiaxed grain structure with uniformly distributed second-phase particles (SPPs) can be obtained in 40% pre-deformed samples (Group A) but not in directly hot-rolled ones (Group B) after hot rolling. The initial SPPs diameter in Group A is also reduced. Noticeable differences in microstructural evolutions including the distribution and size of SPPs, grain size of matrix, and texture are observed between both groups. Reasons for such discrepancies are attributed to the defects (such as dislocations and interfaces) introduced during the pre-deformation and more preferred precipitation sites formed in Group A. The aging after the pre-deformation results in new slip systems activated during hot rolling, leading to more thorough refinement of grains. In addition, the growth of SPPs is interpreted by the Lifshitz–Slyozov–Wagner model.