Exploring a developing tourism industry: a resource-based view approach

Document Type

Journal Article



Place of Publication

United Kingdom


School of Business and Law


Originally published as: Duarte Alonso, A. (2017). Exploring a developing tourism industry: a resource-based view approach. Tourism Recreation Research, 42(1), 45-58. Available here.


This exploratory study examines dimensions related to tourism development in the case of Uruguay. Internal and external analyses were conducted to identify key resources to maximise opportunities and minimise threats to the country’s tourism development. The study, which adopts the resource-based view of the firm, is based on the perspectives of key tourism stakeholders. Unstructured, face-to-face interviews were conducted with eight key informants, three representing government institutions, three private, and two public–private. The interviews revealed opportunities in various fronts, primarily consolidating and expanding international markets, and developing additional offerings, including convention/event and heritage tourism to minimise the effects of seasonality. Strong dependence on neighbouring markets, marginal airline connectivity, and knowledge of Uruguay internationally were main perceived barriers to further development. The value of employing the resource-based framework in guiding understanding of the themes under investigation was confirmed. Implications emerging from the findings are discussed and future research directions suggested.