Enhanced CO2 adsorption and selectivity of CO2/N2 on amino-MIL-53(Al) synthesized by polar co-solvents
American Chemical Society
School of Engineering
Amino-MIL-53(Al) was solvothermally synthesized using co-solvents, such as methanol (M), ethanol (E), methanol/acetic acid (MA), or ethanol/acetic acid (EA), as modulators with dimethylformamide (D). The effects of co-solvents on physicochemical properties of amino-MIL-53(Al) were investigated. It was found that the addition of co-solvents in the synthesis leads to the reduction of crystallinity and crystal size of the samples. The textural properties, such as specific surface area and porous structure, were manipulated. Amino-MIL-53-DMA exhibited the highest Brunauer–Emmett–Teller surface area of 632 m2/g as a result of the loss of the bridging hydroxyl group, while amino-MIL-53, amino-MIL-53-DE, amino-MIL-53-DEA, and amino-MIL-53-DM presented the surface areas of 400, 356, 321, and 348 m2/g, respectively. However, the primary amine groups were maintained on the surface of all of the amino-MIL-53 samples. The co-solvents enhanced CO2 adsorption on modified amino-MIL-53. CO2 adsorption capacities on amino-MIL-53, amino-MIL-53-DM, amino-MIL-53-DE, amino-MIL-53-DEA, and amino-MIL-53-DMA are 48, 71, 67, 54, and 75 cm3/g, respectively, at standard conditions (1 atm and 273 K). CO2 adsorption heat could be reduced to 24 kJ/mol on amino-MIL-53-DMA, giving it as a promising adsorbent for carbon dioxide storage at ambient conditions. Besides, the selectivity of CO2/N2 on amino-MIL-53-DEA and amino-MIL-53-DE demonstrates an unprecedentedly separating factor of 637 at 1 atm and 273 K, whereas the separating factors of CO2/N2 on amino-MIL-53, amino-MIL-53-DMA, and amino-MIL-53-DM are only 43, 43, and 153, respectively. Amino-MIL-53-DEA and amino-MIL-53-DE impressively outperform other MOFs and exhibit as an auspicious adsorbent for CO2/N2 separation.