Design and optimization of differential chaos shift keying scheme with code index modulation

Document Type

Journal Article




School of Engineering


Originally published as: Xu, W., Tan, Y., Lau, F. C., & Kolumbán, G. (2018). Design and Optimization of Differential Chaos Shift Keying Scheme With Code Index Modulation. IEEE Transactions on Communications, 66(5), 1970-1980. Original article available here


Energy usage and data rate of differential chaos shift keying (DCSK) are both inefficient since half of the symbol duration is used to transmit reference. To improve the energy efficiency and data rate, we propose a new chaos modulation scheme which combines DCSK with code index modulation (CIM) referred to as CIM-DCSK. In the proposed scheme, a short reference signal is transmitted first. Then P repeated reference signals, which serve as information-bearing signals, are simultaneously modulated by an information bit and a Walsh code with a specific index which is determined by an extra information symbol. The analytical bit error rate (BER) performance of the proposed scheme is derived and verified by simulations. Further, we improve the performance of the proposed system by applying noise-reduction and optimizing power coefficients on the reference and the information-bearing signals of CIM-DCSK. Simulation and analytical results show that these optimization methods significantly boost the BER performances of the proposed schemes. Finally, the BER performances of the proposed systems are compared with that of the conventional DCSK system and the short reference DCSK (SR-DCSK) system. Numerical results show that the proposed schemes outperform both DCSK and SR-DCSK.