Document Type

Journal Article

Publisher

BioMed Central Ltd.

School

School of Medical and Health Sciences

Comments

Originally published as: Liu, D., Zhao, Z., Wang, A., Ge, S., Wang, H., Zhang, X., . . . Wang, Y. (2018). Ischemic stroke is associated with the pro-inflammatory potential of N-glycosylated immunoglobulin G. Journal of Neuroinflammation, 15(1). Original article available here

Abstract

Background

Glycosylation significantly affects protein structure and function and thus participates in multiple physiologic and pathologic processes. Studies demonstrated that immunoglobulin G (IgG) N-glycosylation associates with the risk factors of ischemic stroke (IS), such as aging, obesity, dyslipidemia, type 2 diabetes, and hypertension.

Methods

The study aimed to investigate the association between IgG N-glycosylation and IS in a Chinese population. IgG glycome composition in patients with IS (n = 78) and cerebral arterial stenosis (CAS) (n = 75) and controls (n = 77) were analyzed by ultra-performance liquid chromatography.

Results

Eleven initial glycans and 10 derived glycans in IgG glycome representing galactosylation, sialylation, and bisecting GlcNAc significantly differed between IS patients and CAS and healthy controls after controlling for gender, age, obesity, diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidemia. Logistic regression models incorporating IgG glycan traits were able to distinguish IS from CAS (area under receiver–operator characteristic curves (AUC), 0.802; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.732–0.872) and controls (AUC, 0.740; 95% CI, 0.661–0.819). The canonical correlation analysis indicated that initial N-glycan structures are significantly correlated with inflammation markers (r = 0.566, p < 0.001).

Conclusion

Our findings indicated that loss of galactose and sialic acid, as well as addition of bisecting GlcNAc, might involve in pro- or anti-inflammatory IgG functionality and further contribute to the pathogenesis of IS. IgG glycan profiles may be developed as clinical useful biomarkers for chronic disease in the future.

DOI

10.1186/s12974-018-1161-1

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

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