Determinants Of Employee Turnover Intentions In Atypical Employment:The FIFO Mining Industry In Western Australia

Document Type

Journal Article


National Institute of Labour Studies


Faculty of Business and Law


School of Business




This article was originally published as: Brown, A. R., Susomrith, P. , Sitlington, H. B., & Scott, G. B. (2014). Determinants of employee turnover intentions in atypical employment:The FIFO mining industry in Western Australia. Australian Bulletin of Labour, 40(2), 116-137. Original article available here


In the Western Australian mining sector, a significant portion of the workforce (at least 50 per cent) is employed in fly-in fly-out (FIFO) arrangements. This involves flying to isolated mining sites and working consecutive days usually for 11 or 12 hour shifts and returning home after a period of time (days or weeks). Such employment presents unique stresses on employees and at the same time offers significant opportunities such as high pay levels. During a decade of substantial growth in the industry, high levels of employee turnover have been experienced. This article examines the individual and organisational factors which contribute to this turnover. A questionnaire was used to measure employee views about their job and company, along with their intentions to stay or quit their job. This was administered in an iron-ore company with FIFO work arrangements. Findings show both organisational factors (rosters, supervisors, managers, and company culture) and personal factors (career goals and family circumstances) can influence turnover intentions.

Access Rights

Not open access